Grammar: Personal Pronouns

Separable Inseparable
mü, m I, me, my (verb) + m I
you , your i, ï you
ya he, his, him, she, her, it, its o, ö he/she/it
anyï we, us, our
unu you, your (pl.)
ha they, them, their

The pronouns in Igbo language have two forms: separable and inseparable. The inseparable forms only apply to the singular pronouns and are found as the single subject in direct combination with the main verbs of a sentence, as in

bi live (verb stem)
ebi m I live
i bi you live
o bi he/she lives

Note that for the first person singular, the m follows the verb stem.

Separable pronouns are not confined to its sole purpose as a subject with a verb and can be used as a subject, direct and indirect object, for example:

buru carry (verb stem)
anyï buru gï we carry you
unu buru mü you carry me
mü na gï buru ya me and you carry him

They can also follow a noun in possessive relationship:

di husband di m my husband
di gï your husband
di ya her husband
nwa child nwa m my child
nwa anyï our child

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *