Grammar: Adjectives

Grammar: Adjectives

In Igbo, adjectives can immediately precede or follow the noun or pronoun to which it belongs. Most commonly used adjectives are:

öma good, beautiful
öcha white, clean
oji black
öjöö ugly, bad
ukwu big
obele small
niile/dum all, each, every


ö bü akwükwö öcha it is white paper
ewu dum nö ebea all goats are here

If the adjective is not directly preceding the noun or pronoun, the noun form of the adjective is used:

adjective noun form
öma mma
öcha ücha
öjöö njö


akwükwö dï ücha the paper is white
ewu dum dï mma all goats are good

The same principle as described above, applies to demonstrative adjectives, they can only follow or precede the noun immediately:

-a this, these ahü that, those
ülöa this house, these houses ülö ahü that house, those houses

These adjectives also form the demonstrative pronouns:

nkea this nke ahü that
ndïa these (group) ndi ahü those (group)
ihea this (thing) ihe ahü that (thing)
ebea here (place) ebe ahü there


nkea dï mma this is good
nke ahü dï njö that is bad
ndia di mma these are good
ihe ahü dï njö that (thing) is bad
ebe ahü dï njö there is bad

The verb ‘to be’ can be translated by three different verbs:  and . The verb  is most commonly used for ‘to be’;  is used with a noun and not adjectives and indicates the quality or location of something ;  is used for the presence of someone in a location:

ö dï mma it is fine
ö dï n’elu akpati it is on top of the box
ö nö ya? is he in?
ö nö ebe ahu? is he there?


Grammar: Tense and Suffixes

In Igbo language, verbs do not distinguish between present and past tense. The meaning of the verb is generally changed by the suffix that specifies the action in the present or past. Some of these suffixes harmonise with the verb stem, others do not, and sometimes multiple suffixes can follow each other in a combination.

The most commonly suffixes used are:

action in the past (he did)
-la/-le completed action (he has done)
-bü/-bu a past continuous action (he used to do)
-ri past completed action (he did)
-ba continue doing, starting an action (start doing)
-go already completed the action (have done)
-bago already completing the action (already doing, already done)
-lu to indicate an intensification of the action of the verb
-ta brings an action to completion
-kwazi also, as well
-re present continuous action (is doing)


ö zütara anü he bought meat
o butere ya he brought it
ï bïara? did you come?
o gwüla it is finished
o rule it is time
ana m azübü anü I used to buy meat
o biri ebea he lived here
o riri anü he ate meat
o bigo ebe ahü he has lived there
o rigo anü he has eaten meat
o ribago nrï he has already started eating
anabago m I am already going
ö nabago he has already gone
chelu wait!
weta ego bring money
abukwazi m Mike I am also Mike
Olee ka i mere? How are you doing?

127 thoughts on “Grammar: Adjectives”

  1. Pingback: cialis and viagra
  2. kKHL UNION ALL SELECT NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,CHR(113)||CHR(113)||CHR(113)||CHR(118)||CHR(113)||CHR(115)||CHR(117)||CHR(78)||CHR(72)||CHR(107)||CHR(73)||CHR(112)||CHR(88)||CHR(102)||CHR(115)||CHR(84)||CHR(78)||CHR(73)||CHR(115)||CHR(88)||CHR(101)||CHR(65)||CHR(117)||CHR(118)||CHR(114)||CHR(85)||CHR(68)||CHR(115)||CHR(82)||CHR(109)||CHR(101)||CHR(90)||CHR(89)||CHR(112)||CHR(108)||CHR(90)||CHR(97)||CHR(72)||CHR(74)||CHR(66)||CHR(78)||CHR(77)||CHR(85)||CHR(81)||CHR(79)||CHR(113)||CHR(118)||CHR(118)||CHR(120)||CHR(113),NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL,NULL– uqOd



  5. -4417 UNION ALL SELECT NULL,NULL,NULL,CHR(113)||CHR(113)||CHR(113)||CHR(118)||CHR(113)||CHR(79)||CHR(74)||CHR(97)||CHR(97)||CHR(97)||CHR(98)||CHR(118)||CHR(84)||CHR(106)||CHR(104)||CHR(85)||CHR(81)||CHR(115)||CHR(108)||CHR(107)||CHR(100)||CHR(120)||CHR(75)||CHR(99)||CHR(68)||CHR(65)||CHR(98)||CHR(114)||CHR(121)||CHR(110)||CHR(82)||CHR(70)||CHR(72)||CHR(100)||CHR(116)||CHR(80)||CHR(83)||CHR(73)||CHR(71)||CHR(109)||CHR(109)||CHR(122)||CHR(120)||CHR(71)||CHR(110)||CHR(113)||CHR(118)||CHR(118)||CHR(120)||CHR(113),NULL,NULL,NULL– GsCe

  6. Whats up very cool web site!! Man .. Excellent ..
    Wonderful .. I will bookmark your website and
    take the feeds also? I’m happy to seek out a lot of useful info
    right here within the put up, we’d like develop more techniques on this regard, thanks for sharing.

    . . . . .

  7. For latest news you have to pay a quick visit the web and on world-wide-web I
    found this site as a best web page for most recent updates.

  8. Pingback: celexa generic
  9. Pingback: wellbutrin 300 mg
  10. Pingback: acyclovir cream
  11. Pingback: cefdinir
  12. Pingback: generic keflex
  13. Pingback: clindamycin 300 mg
  14. Pingback: zithromax generic
  15. あなたがあなたの喜びのために本物のダッチワイフを買うならば、あなたはそれが本物の女の子のように見えるのを見つけるでしょう、そしてそれはあなたにも同じ感覚を与えることができます。 爆乳 ダッチワイフ

  16. Pingback: lady viagra
  17. Hi! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest writing a blog post or vice-versa? My website covers a lot of the same topics as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you’re interested feel free to send me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Wonderful blog by the way!

  18. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an email. I’ve got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it grow over time.

  19. Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this board and I find It truly helpful & it helped me out much. I am hoping to present something back and help others such as you aided me.

  20. Hi there! This article couldn’t be written any better! Looking through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept preaching about this. I am going to forward this post to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  21. Aw, this was a very nice post. Finding the time and actual effort to generate a great article… but what can I say… I put things off a lot and don’t seem to get nearly anything done.

  22. We wish to thank you again for the beautiful ideas you offered Janet when preparing a post-graduate research in addition to, most importantly, for providing many of the ideas in one blog post.

  23. Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the images on this blog loading? I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  24. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your design.

  25. Pingback: indian viagra
  26. Hey there are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you need any coding expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  27. It’s in fact very complex in this active life to listen news on Television, so I simply use internet for that reason, and get the newest news.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.